Table 1. Baseline variables prior to each treatment in healthy older subjects and subjects with PPH
Healthy older subjectsPPHP value (healthy older subjects vs. PPH)
WaterGlucoseP value (water vs. glucose)WaterGlucoseP value (water vs. glucose)
Systolic BP (mmHg)129.8 ± 4.8123.1 ± 4.3<0.05147.8 ± 3.3137.5 ± 6.10.10<0.05
Diastolic BP (mmHg)72.6 ± 2.569.3 ± 2.70.1173.4 ± 1.669.0 ± 2.80.100.94
Heart Rate (BPM)62.6 ± 2.863.4 ± 3.30.7263.4 ± 2.862.4 ± 2.10.450.97
Stroke Volume (mL)60.9 ± 3.757.3 ± 2.60.0664.8 ± 2.763.2 ± 4.00.470.29
Cardiac Output (L)3.8 ± 0.23.7 ± 0.20.203.9 ± 0.44.0 ± 0.40.440.59
Ejection Fraction (mL)59.9 ± 0.960.4 ± 1.70.7259.8 ± 1.259.1 ± 1.70.370.72
E/e'9.0 ± 1.28.6 ± 0.80.4910.7 ± 0.69.8 ± 0.40.070.16
Global Longitudinal Strain (%)−15.5 ± 0.5−16.2 ± 0.60.23−17.7 ± 1.1−17.1 ± 1.20.340.12
Systemic Vascular Resistance (Dyn s∙cm−5)1949.9 ± 88.11918.3 ± 100.30.552144.6 ± 242.51931.2 ± 192.80.110.66
Blood Glucose (mmol/L)5.3 ± 0.25.4 ± 0.20.365.3 ± 0.15.5 ± 0.10.200.77
  • All values are mean ± SEM. BP; blood pressure, BPM; beats per minute, PPH; postprandial hypotension.