Table 3. HR and pace for mountain versus road races and shorter versus longer races
Mountain racesRoad racesShorter racesLonger races
HR (bpm)166.4 ± 9.3167.9 ± 9.0170.0 ± 8.0c165.8 ± 9.4
HR % estimated max90.5 ± 4.890.9 ± 4.992.1 ± 4.4c90.0 ± 4.9
Second half % slower32.4 ± 21.3a5.2 ± 6.47.7 ± 7.8c19.1 ± 21.9
HR change bpm−2.1 ± 8.0b2.4 ± 5.92.1 ± 5.10.0 ± 7.9
Change % est. HRmax−1.1 ± 4.4b1.3 ± 3.21.2 ± 2.80.0 ± 4.3
  • a Mountain races had greater second half slowing than road races (P < 0.0001).

  • b HR change in bpm and as % est. HRmax was significantly different in mountain versus road races (P < 0.001).

  • c Shorter races were characterized by higher HR (bpm and % est. HRmax; P < 0.05) and less second half slowing (P < 0.01) than longer races.